Wednesday, 25 January 2012

How to promote maths skills in early childhood?

What is maths?

Maths is everywhere, all around children and you can teach your child without recognising it. You have mathematical experiences in everyday life even before they begin the formal study of maths.
Think of it: Getting up. It is still dark? -> Time, making logical deductions
Getting dressed. Putting socks in pair -> Sorting, sequencing, matching
Having breakfast. Pouring milk into a bowl. -> Estimating quality, volume
Going shopping. How many bananas? Large or small packet. -> Counting, size, money
Unpacking bags. Where these boxes fit? -> Sorting, shape, size
Laying the table. How many places? -> Matching, counting, time
Out for walk. How far is it? How many birds fly? ->Estimating, counting, comparing
Bedtime. Have one more story. -> Number, size, time

Early maths is:
• Numeracy
• Shape
• Sets and sorting
• Pattern
• Measuring: length, area, weight, volume, capacity, time, money

Set activities to promote maths:

Shape: Drawing, sorting, modelling, playdough, clay, bilding bricks

Set and Sorting: collecting, sorting for colour, shape, making set of animals

Pattern: Looking for pattern in everyday life, walls, tiles, in animal markings, in plant life, printing and collage, copying and continuing patterns with bricks, beads and peg boards, computer games

Numeracy: count everything around you like buttons, bottles in the crate, apple halves, sharing these halves out

Money: making shop at home, counting real money, or play money, sorting coins, collecting price tags

Time: Talking about daily routines, filling in daily calendars, using timers to measure, using movable clock faces. Stories such as Sleeping Beauty deal with the passing of time.

Weight: cooking is good for using non-standard and standard measures, use cups or scales

Length and area: measuring with rulers, tapes, or just with pencils hand spans, strides. Making charts of height – who is the tallest? , who is the smallest? – ordering smallest to tallest, drawing around hands, feet, counting squares.

Capacity and volume: filling buckets, beakers, containers with sand or water. Posing problems – how many cups will fill a bucket?


Post a Comment